The city in the digital revolution. " The nineteenth century was a century of Empires; the twentieth century, that of the nation-states. The twenty-first century will be a century of cities. ". Wellington Webb, former Mayor of Denvers, in 2009.
► In Barcelona, open and collaborative initiatives to resist the uberisation of cities. Reunited in the Catalan city from 12 to 15 November, 42 municipalities grouped together in the alliance of « Sharing cities Shared their experiences of collaborative platforms that respect residents. The alliance of "Sharing cities" brings together 42 cities or large cities (including Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta, San Francisco, Montreal …) united against the "negative impacts" of the platform economy. In a joint statement published November 12, they adopted ten main principles to frame the negotiations with the actors of the economy of platforms, like Airbnb or Uber. It includes, among others, respect for labor and user rights, the transparency of algorithms, the sovereignty of municipalities, the general interest and the respect of the needs and context of the inhabitants … with New York and Amsterdam the coalition of cities for digital rights. (@LeMondefr). Image caption : Barcelona, photographed January 31, 2018, has become one of the bastions of resistance to the uberization of cities. Credits: Albert Gea / Reuters.
► Link review: – Cities are inventing new ways to play together; – Transport, health, security … the big bazaar of urban data; – CoopCycle wants to compete with Foodora and Deliveroo with a free license.
► "In the face of this catastrophe, impossible to face": in the Doubs, drought puts the communes in overheating. In the Doubs, it has hardly rained since June. "An exceptional event", according to Yannick Cadet, head of water, risk, nature and forest at the Departmental Directorate of Territories of Doubs, who regrets "have no visibility on this natural disaster." Faced with this drought, the prefecture issued an order on 9 October restricting the consumption of water throughout the territory for two months. (@Franceinfo).
► "Killer Robots": Will the UN ban autonomous weapons? A swarm of mini-robots kill their targets without a man at the controls: this terrifying clip of science fiction was published on social networks a year ago and, according to the opponents, this scenario shows the future autonomous weapons. Researchers, scientists and NGOs benefit from the opening on Wednesday, November 21, of the annual meeting of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) at the UN, in Geneva, Switzerland to request an international treaty on the banning of these devices . Some believe that this future is close. " When we look at military research programs, especially among the major powers, explains Anne Sophie Simpère, coordinator of the report 'Why France must oppose killer robotsWe note that programs are moving towards greater autonomy, reduced human controls and a growing integration of artificial intelligence. It is now urgent to regulate the question of fully autonomous weapons, before they are deployed. »(@franceinfo).
► "Cyber hurricane threatens us". Marwan Lahoud, former head of Airbus strategy, chaired the report of the Institut Montaigne. Americans have called it the cybergedon, in reference to the Apocalypse of the Bible. The Montaigne Institute preferred the term cyberuragan. In a report to be published today, which the Express has read, the authors fear major computer attacks that could destabilize large groups, their suppliers, public institutions and even the nations themselves. In this document, "Cybermenace: storm warning", drafted under the chairmanship of Marwan Lahoud, former director of Airbus strategy and partner at Tikehau Capital, and whose rapporteur is Gérôme Billois, a partner in the consulting firm Wavestone, thirteen proposals are presented to avoid such a scenario disaster. Some of them are rather consensual, others more polemical. (@LExpress).
► As of January 1st, tobacco shops will be able to sell bitcoins that are a virtual currency or cryptomonnaies. In the beginning, between 3,000 and 4,000 tobacco shops will be equipped with software allowing the direct purchase of bitcoins coupons for amounts of several values: 50, 100 or 250 euros. The Prudential Supervisory Authority, institution responsible for the supervision of the activity of banks and insurance in France, has validated this process of buying bitcoins for a simple reason: there is no choice. Cryptocurrency is becoming a global currency, and it is better to accompany this inevitable movement as well as market and consumer demand. (@LExpress).
► Jean-Pierre Landau's report on the crypto-coins handed over on July 4, 2018 in Bercy, recommends that "the right approach is to let the crypto-currencies and the innovations that they carry develop in the virtual space that they occupy. In conclusion, this report states : "How will tomorrow, value be exchanged on the Internet? To this question, crypto-currencies provide an ambitious answer. It is about creating new currencies, based on new technologies: the blockchain and the distributed registers, which allow a decentralized management of the currency without trusted third party, in contrast to the hierarchical and centralized systems of the official currencies. " (@The echoes).
► The new age of the media. The media was dark. There is now some hope. Victims just ten years ago, at the peak of the last great recession, of a crisis both cyclical and structural, television, radio and newspapers, do not feel totally out of business. But today more and more people believe that an exit from the top is possible. Confronted with a collapse of their traditional advertising revenues and a rise in digital advertising that is less profitable and largely captured by new digital giants, the historical media have seen a decline in one of their main sources of revenue. At the same time, the rise of digital technology has led competitors like Netflix or Google News to break prices or provide free access to content that the media used to sell. (@The echoes).
► Parliament adopts anti-fake news laws. It was a text wanted and defended by Emmanuel Macron. On Tuesday, 20 November, MEPs adopted two controversial proposals against the "manipulation of information" during an election period. These texts are mainly based on a monitoring of social networks and foreign media, questioned by the president after his election. Moreover, during the vote, right and left voted against or abstained, denouncing laws "useless" and pointing "a risk" including freedom of expression. The definition of "false information" retained "is always neither clear nor protective". She also fears "adverse effects", such as "a risk of self-censorship", "police of thought" and "attacks on freedom of the press". (@LExpress).